2020年河南10月河南自考英语真题发布员 2021-03-08 历年真题 ℃
I may not be a movie star, best-selling author, or millionaire when Igrow up，but one thing I will be known for, at least locally，is commuting by bicycle. I's sad to see how few people do even though many could. Lots of people eagerly campaign for the reduction of greenhouse gases, but by driving cars, they're sill contributing to the problem.
You might be picturing me as an extreme environmentalist (环保主义者)，but I'm not one
of those teenagers who wear shirts that say "Help save the world: Recycle." Actually，my interest in exercise, health, and fitness led me to cycling.
Cycling can help you lose weight, improve your health, and prevent many diseases. Cycling also carries a relatively low chance of injury.
While being good for your body, bicycle commuting is also a great way to cut greenhouse gases.
Many environmentalists recycle， plant tees, and drive hybrid cars (混合动力汽车)，but bicycle commuting could be even more effective than all of those combined. You could cut down the amount of greenhouse gases just by commuting by bicycle a few times a week.
Bicycle commuting saves money too. When you buy your bicyde and the things that usually go with it. You might be shocked by the cost. But if you think about the increasingly high gas prices, you will know for sure that you can save a significant amount each year by not driving a car.
You might think that you don't have time for bicycle commuting Actually. you probably do.
You could cut back on your TV time and pick up this activity. It helps you care for the environment , save money, and most importantly get fit.
1.1 will write a best-selling book on cyding. ( )
2. Many local people commute by bicycle. ( )
3. I am devoted to environmental protection.( )
4. I started cycling to improve my health. ( )
5. People are less ikely to get ijured while cig. ( )
6. People drive to work for convenience.( )
7. Bicycle commuting could be more effective in reducing greenhouse gases.( )
8. People are in a good mood while cycling. ( )
9. Gas prices keep going up.()
10. Bikes are inexpensive to most people. ()
Spilt (打翻的) Milk
I recenly heard a story about' a famous scientist who had made severa l very important medical achievements. He was asked why he was so much more creative than the average person.
He responded that it all came from an' experience when he was about two. He hadbeen trying to remove a bottle of milk from the refrigerator when he lost his grip (紧握) and it fell，spilling (打翻) the milk alI over the floor.
When his mother came into the ki tchen, instead of yelling at him, or punishing
him， she said, ”Robert, what a wonderful mess you have made!”Well, the damage has already been done. Would you like to play in the milk for a few. minutes before we clean it up?”
Indeed, he did。After a few minutes, his mother said,” Rober, whenever you make a mess like this, eventually you have to clean it up. So，how would youlike to do that? We could use a sponge (海绵) or a towel, Which do you prefer?" He chose
the sponge, and together they cleaned up the spilt milk.
His mother then said,“You know, what we have here is a failed experiment in, how to effectively carry a big milk bottle with two tiny hands. Let's go out in the，back yard and fill the bottle with water and see if you can discover a way to carry it without dropping it" The litle boy learned that if he grasped the bottle at the top near the lip with both hands， he could carry it without dropping it.
The scientist remarked that it was then that he knew he didn' t need to be afraid to make mistakes. Instead, mistakes were just opportunities for 1 earmi ng something new，which is, after all, what scientific experiments are all about. Even if the
experiment ' 'doesn't work, ”we usually learn something valuable from it。
11. This story is about a scientist who_______
A. was extraordinary when he was young
B. became well-known after an interview
C. was smarter than the average person
D. achieved great success in the, medical field
12. He got the milk spilt all over the kitchen floor because he______
A. dropped the bottle
B. was naughty
C.slipped and fell
13. After seeing the spilt milk，his mother______
A. shouted at him
B. cleaned the floor herself
C.encouraged him to play in the milk
D. forced him to clean the' kitchen .
14. The mother and the son went out in the back yard to______
A. fill the bottle with milk
B. clean the bottle
C. find a way to carry the bottle
D. search for a new bottle
15. According to the text， mistakes give us chances to______
A. know the truth
B. learn something new
C. do some exper iments
D. teach a child alesson
阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1) 从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择1个正确的小标题; (2) 从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项，分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。
①Volunteers are people who work wi thout be ing paid. They do the work because they want to. We need volunteers because there are many things that need to be done in society which the Government can’ t afford to pay for.
②Volunteers. are motivated by a desire to help others and to make the world a better place. Statistics suggest that more than one million people do voluntary work in .New Zealand. Some volunteers do the kind of work that they are particularly interested in, | but perhaps haven' t had the chance to do during their working lives. Others make use of their
professional skills and experience.
③Volunteers contribute to society in a number of ways. For example, some give their time to help preserve the natural env ironment. While there are government-run projects to ma intain national parks and forests， the projects would not succeed wi thoute volunteers. Some env i ronmenta l organizations rely solely on voluntary labor.
④“Meals on Wheels" is a voluntary organization run by the Red Cross. It delivers meals to elderly people who are unable to cook for themselves. Every year volunteer drivers deliver a million meals. This enables, elderly people to remain in their own houses.
⑤Volunteer Service Abroad was started in 1962. It sends volunteers, to poor countries. To be a volunteer you should be between the ages of 25 and 77, of good health and have a skill or ability that is requested by the country. Volunteers spend
two years helping the local people improve their lives. Two years. is a long time, but when they return, many volunteers say: “It was the best two years of my ife.”
20. Paragraph ⑤:
A. Definition of volunteers
B. How volunteers are organized
C. How volunteers contribute to society .
D. Why people want to be volunteers
E. An organization sending volunteers abroad
F. An organization delivering meals to the elderly
21. People do voluntary work because they want to______
22. Some volunteers help others by______
23. Some organizations rely on volunteers to help______
24. The elderly can have their meals del ivered wi thout______
25. Many volunteers returning from poor countries______
A. help others.
B. leaving their homes .
C. cooking for, the elderly
D. using their. professional skills
E. find their experience rewarding
F. preserve the natural envi ronment
How to Talk to a Doctor
It's one of the saddest situations in modern medicine. : The average doctor' s appointment lasts 15 minutes or less._ _26
That doesn' t leave much time for chatting about the weather or your mood
What you don' t realize - -but what I see very clearly as a doctor --is that what the patient says is more important than ever._ 27_ They can also make it much harder for me to figure, out what' s wrong with you.
Medicalschools teach a speific way to conduct an office visit. Part one is the complaint._ 28__ Part two in the physical exam. And part three is when the doctor gives you a diagnosis and pescrbesrsts or a teatment Chances are, you focus on part three, but the patients who receive the best care are those who master part one.
The key is to describe in detail what. you' ve been feling-not just“bad, ”but what kind of bad, for how long， and. after what kind of activity.
_29_ _ Even though I' ve been a doctor for many years, I tend to be a lttle nervouswhen I' m the one sitting on the exam table. If I haven' t prepared, I lose track of the details I inended to share_ _30_ When the. doctor asks you questions，you can be more specifie, and the diagnosis and treatment will be more accurate. And there may be a few minutes left over for a little pleasant conversat ion!
A. No wonder you feel rushed.
B. Of course， that's easier said than done.
C. It is wise to see a doctor with your friend,
D. It is also called the description of your problem.
E. So I take a few minutes to writel down some crucial details.
F. In fact，your descriptions can help me give you great care,
Planting a Garden
Planting a garden is a lot like having a family. Both require a great deal of work, 31 as they. grow and as the seasons__ 32_. As summer days lengthen, your plants become_ 33 _on you, much like your chi ldren depend on you for food and drink.
Like a_ 34 child asking for drink of water, your plants do the, same. Their bent body, issues a demand much the way your child requests milk or| juice. Gett ing enough water, they would. thrive soon.
You might also find you have to__ 35 _the space around your plants, much 1ike you pick up toys and clothes that have been thrown in your kid' s room. Simi larly, roses need to be pruned. (修剪)，and weeds need to be pulled. To keep chi ldren healthy, parents protect their chi ldren against disease with_ 36 and gardeners do the same with insect repellent (驱虫剂). To nourish (滋养) them， parents_ 37 chi Idren vitamins，and gardeners use fertilizer, as both promote healthy growth.
As chi ldren grow up, they need less care. However, here' s where the similarity, ends, While plants die or. become_ 38 during winter, children_ 39 maintain an important role inthe family, and parents will find their_ 40 _does not come to an
What Makes Us Different
The reason Earth differs (differ) from all the other_ 41~ (planet) in the universe is because of you and me. At first, we were living in caves,' the came the ice age，then the meltdown, and_ 42 (final),what we are today. We and Earth as a whole have changed so much. The only, thing that hasn’t changed is our greed and 43 (jealous).
While we were in caves, we fought for food. While we wereliving on the ice, we fought for_ 44 (warm), clothing, and food, Now, we are 45 (fight) over land. Why do we fight for land that was never in our_ 46 (possess)? Wars, big or small, take
place every day. Earth is a single nation.All the land masses on it belong to the planet， not to us. Everyone is the same, regardless of race, gender, or religion. .
We are all deserve to be_ 47 (treat) equally. We are all also unique, but that doesn’t make us any__ 48 (little) human than the next person.
If we can start by_ 49 (pay) a compl iment(赞美) to a different person each day, our worldwill be_ 50 (friendly) to live in. If we at least help one person in need and. let room for love to grow in our hearts， the world will be a better place.
51.某英文报杜正在举办理为“Spring is Coming”的征文活动。请你根据下述写作要点提交一篇英文短文应征。