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河南自考网 > 历年真题 > 2020年河南10月河南自考英语真题

2020年河南10月河南自考英语真题

发布员 2021-03-08 历年真题

  2020年河南10月自考英语真题

  本试卷共8页。满分100分,考试时间150分钟。

  考生答卷前必须将自己的姓名和准考证号写在答题卡上。

  必须在答题卡上答题,写在试卷上的答案无效。

  第一部分:阅读判断下面的短文后列出了十个句子,请根据址文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果读句提供的是正确信息,选择A如果读句提供的是错误信息, 选择B;如果读句的信息文中没有提及,选择C。

  Bicycle Commuting

  I may not be a movie star, best-selling author, or millionaire when Igrow up,but one thing I will be known for, at least locally,is commuting by bicycle. I's sad to see how few people do even though many could. Lots of people eagerly campaign for the reduction of greenhouse gases, but by driving cars, they're sill contributing to the problem.

  You might be picturing me as an extreme environmentalist (环保主义者),but I'm not one

  of those teenagers who wear shirts that say "Help save the world: Recycle." Actually,my interest in exercise, health, and fitness led me to cycling.

  Cycling can help you lose weight, improve your health, and prevent many diseases. Cycling also carries a relatively low chance of injury.

  While being good for your body, bicycle commuting is also a great way to cut greenhouse gases.

  Many environmentalists recycle, plant tees, and drive hybrid cars (混合动力汽车),but bicycle commuting could be even more effective than all of those combined. You could cut down the amount of greenhouse gases just by commuting by bicycle a few times a week.

  Bicycle commuting saves money too. When you buy your bicyde and the things that usually go with it. You might be shocked by the cost. But if you think about the increasingly high gas prices, you will know for sure that you can save a significant amount each year by not driving a car.

  You might think that you don't have time for bicycle commuting Actually. you probably do.

  You could cut back on your TV time and pick up this activity. It helps you care for the environment , save money, and most importantly get fit.

  1.1 will write a best-selling book on cyding. ( )

  A:True.

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  2. Many local people commute by bicycle. ( )

  A:True

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  3. I am devoted to environmental protection.( )

  A:True

  B.False

  C:Not Given

  4. I started cycling to improve my health. ( )

  A:True

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  5. People are less ikely to get ijured while cig. ( )

  A:True

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  6. People drive to work for convenience.( )

  A:True

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  7. Bicycle commuting could be more effective in reducing greenhouse gases.( )

  A:True .

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  8. People are in a good mood while cycling. ( )

  A:True .

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  9. Gas prices keep going up.()

  A:True .

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  10. Bikes are inexpensive to most people. ()

  A:True .

  B:False

  C:Not Given

  第二部分:阅读选择(第11~15题,每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的4个选项(A、B、 C、D)中选出1个最佳选项,并在答题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。

  Spilt (打翻的) Milk

  I recenly heard a story about' a famous scientist who had made severa l very important medical achievements. He was asked why he was so much more creative than the average person.

  He responded that it all came from an' experience when he was about two. He hadbeen trying to remove a bottle of milk from the refrigerator when he lost his grip (紧握) and it fell,spilling (打翻) the milk alI over the floor.

  When his mother came into the ki tchen, instead of yelling at him, or punishing

  him, she said, ”Robert, what a wonderful mess you have made!”Well, the damage has already been done. Would you like to play in the milk for a few. minutes before we clean it up?”

  Indeed, he did。After a few minutes, his mother said,” Rober, whenever you make a mess like this, eventually you have to clean it up. So,how would youlike to do that? We could use a sponge (海绵) or a towel, Which do you prefer?" He chose

  the sponge, and together they cleaned up the spilt milk.

  His mother then said,“You know, what we have here is a failed experiment in, how to effectively carry a big milk bottle with two tiny hands. Let's go out in the,back yard and fill the bottle with water and see if you can discover a way to carry it without dropping it" The litle boy learned that if he grasped the bottle at the top near the lip with both hands, he could carry it without dropping it.

  The scientist remarked that it was then that he knew he didn' t need to be afraid to make mistakes. Instead, mistakes were just opportunities for 1 earmi ng something new,which is, after all, what scientific experiments are all about. Even if the

  experiment ' 'doesn't work, ”we usually learn something valuable from it。

  11. This story is about a scientist who_______

  A. was extraordinary when he was young

  B. became well-known after an interview

  C. was smarter than the average person

  D. achieved great success in the, medical field

  12. He got the milk spilt all over the kitchen floor because he______

  A. dropped the bottle

  B. was naughty

  C.slipped and fell

  D.was weak

  13. After seeing the spilt milk,his mother______

  A. shouted at him

  B. cleaned the floor herself

  C.encouraged him to play in the milk

  D. forced him to clean the' kitchen .

  14. The mother and the son went out in the back yard to______

  A. fill the bottle with milk

  B. clean the bottle

  C. find a way to carry the bottle

  D. search for a new bottle

  15. According to the text, mistakes give us chances to______

  A. know the truth

  B. learn something new

  C. do some exper iments

  D. teach a child alesson

  第三部分:概括段落大意和补全句子(第16~25题,每题1分,共10分)

  阅读下面短文,请完成短文后的2项测试任务:(1) 从第16~20题后所给的6个选项中为第①~⑤段每段选择1个正确的小标题; (2) 从第21~25题后所给的6个选项中选择5个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  Volunteers

  ①Volunteers are people who work wi thout be ing paid. They do the work because they want to. We need volunteers because there are many things that need to be done in society which the Government can’ t afford to pay for.

  ②Volunteers. are motivated by a desire to help others and to make the world a better place. Statistics suggest that more than one million people do voluntary work in .New Zealand. Some volunteers do the kind of work that they are particularly interested in, | but perhaps haven' t had the chance to do during their working lives. Others make use of their

  professional skills and experience.

  ③Volunteers contribute to society in a number of ways. For example, some give their time to help preserve the natural env ironment. While there are government-run projects to ma intain national parks and forests, the projects would not succeed wi thoute volunteers. Some env i ronmenta l organizations rely solely on voluntary labor.

  ④“Meals on Wheels" is a voluntary organization run by the Red Cross. It delivers meals to elderly people who are unable to cook for themselves. Every year volunteer drivers deliver a million meals. This enables, elderly people to remain in their own houses.

  ⑤Volunteer Service Abroad was started in 1962. It sends volunteers, to poor countries. To be a volunteer you should be between the ages of 25 and 77, of good health and have a skill or ability that is requested by the country. Volunteers spend

  two years helping the local people improve their lives. Two years. is a long time, but when they return, many volunteers say: “It was the best two years of my ife.”

  16. Paragraph①:

  17. Paragraph②:

  18. Paragraph③:

  19. Paragraph④:

  20. Paragraph ⑤:

  A. Definition of volunteers

  B. How volunteers are organized

  C. How volunteers contribute to society .

  D. Why people want to be volunteers

  E. An organization sending volunteers abroad

  F. An organization delivering meals to the elderly

  Task2

  21. People do voluntary work because they want to______

  22. Some volunteers help others by______

  23. Some organizations rely on volunteers to help______

  24. The elderly can have their meals del ivered wi thout______

  25. Many volunteers returning from poor countries______

  A. help others.

  B. leaving their homes .

  C. cooking for, the elderly

  D. using their. professional skills

  E. find their experience rewarding

  F. preserve the natural envi ronment

  第四部分:填句补文(第26~30题,每题2分,共10分)

  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将

  其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡上相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  How to Talk to a Doctor

  It's one of the saddest situations in modern medicine. : The average doctor' s appointment lasts 15 minutes or less._ _26

  That doesn' t leave much time for chatting about the weather or your mood

  What you don' t realize - -but what I see very clearly as a doctor --is that what the patient says is more important than ever._ 27_ They can also make it much harder for me to figure, out what' s wrong with you.

  Medicalschools teach a speific way to conduct an office visit. Part one is the complaint._ 28__ Part two in the physical exam. And part three is when the doctor gives you a diagnosis and pescrbesrsts or a teatment Chances are, you focus on part three, but the patients who receive the best care are those who master part one.

  The key is to describe in detail what. you' ve been feling-not just“bad, ”but what kind of bad, for how long, and. after what kind of activity.

  _29_ _ Even though I' ve been a doctor for many years, I tend to be a lttle nervouswhen I' m the one sitting on the exam table. If I haven' t prepared, I lose track of the details I inended to share_ _30_ When the. doctor asks you questions,you can be more specifie, and the diagnosis and treatment will be more accurate. And there may be a few minutes left over for a little pleasant conversat ion!

  A. No wonder you feel rushed.

  B. Of course, that's easier said than done.

  C. It is wise to see a doctor with your friend,

  D. It is also called the description of your problem.

  E. So I take a few minutes to writel down some crucial details.

  F. In fact,your descriptions can help me give you great care,

  第五部分:填词补文(第31~40题,每题1.5分,共15分)

  下面的短文有10处空白,短文后列出12个词,其中10个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。

  Planting a Garden

  Planting a garden is a lot like having a family. Both require a great deal of work, 31 as they. grow and as the seasons__ 32_. As summer days lengthen, your plants become_ 33 _on you, much like your chi ldren depend on you for food and drink.

  Like a_ 34 child asking for drink of water, your plants do the, same. Their bent body, issues a demand much the way your child requests milk or| juice. Gett ing enough water, they would. thrive soon.

  You might also find you have to__ 35 _the space around your plants, much 1ike you pick up toys and clothes that have been thrown in your kid' s room. Simi larly, roses need to be pruned. (修剪),and weeds need to be pulled. To keep chi ldren healthy, parents protect their chi ldren against disease with_ 36 and gardeners do the same with insect repellent (驱虫剂). To nourish (滋养) them, parents_ 37 chi Idren vitamins,and gardeners use fertilizer, as both promote healthy growth.

  As chi ldren grow up, they need less care. However, here' s where the similarity, ends, While plants die or. become_ 38 during winter, children_ 39 maintain an important role inthe family, and parents will find their_ 40 _does not come to an

  end.

  A. help

  B. clean

  C. change.

  D. inactive

  E. dependent

  F. still

  G. strong

  H. give

  I. responsibility

  J. thirsty

  K. medicine

  L. especially

  第六部分:完形补文(第41~50题,每题1.5分,共15分)

  下面的短文有10处空白,每处处空白后的括号内有一个词,请根据短文内容将其正确

  的形式填入文中,以恢复文章原貌,并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  What Makes Us Different

  The reason Earth differs (differ) from all the other_ 41~ (planet) in the universe is because of you and me. At first, we were living in caves,' the came the ice age,then the meltdown, and_ 42 (final),what we are today. We and Earth as a whole have changed so much. The only, thing that hasn’t changed is our greed and 43 (jealous).

  While we were in caves, we fought for food. While we wereliving on the ice, we fought for_ 44 (warm), clothing, and food, Now, we are 45 (fight) over land. Why do we fight for land that was never in our_ 46 (possess)? Wars, big or small, take

  place every day. Earth is a single nation.All the land masses on it belong to the planet, not to us. Everyone is the same, regardless of race, gender, or religion. .

  We are all deserve to be_ 47 (treat) equally. We are all also unique, but that doesn’t make us any__ 48 (little) human than the next person.

  If we can start by_ 49 (pay) a compl iment(赞美) to a different person each day, our worldwill be_ 50 (friendly) to live in. If we at least help one person in need and. let room for love to grow in our hearts, the world will be a better place.

  第七部分:短文写作(第51题,30分)

  请根据所提供材料中的要求完成-篇100词左右的英文写作任务。将你的箐案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

  51.某英文报杜正在举办理为“Spring is Coming”的征文活动。请你根据下述写作要点提交一篇英文短文应征。

  ●简要描写春大的景象

  ●介绍人们在春大里的各种活动

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